2021 Jobs and Development Conference
With a special focus on “good jobs transitions for post-pandemic development,” the fifth Jobs and Development Conference featured a wide range of latest research on jobs and development, including the differential impacts of COVID-19 on workers, migration and remittances, and gender gaps in the labor market. The three-day virtual conference, held in early September, was hosted by the World Bank, IZA, the Network on Jobs and Development, and UNU-WIDER. It showcased over 50 papers from economists, policymakers, and development experts, spanning 22 countries, and attracted more than 1,600 online participants.
This year’s conference sent a strong message that – as the world emerges from the pandemic – policymakers will have to focus on creating better, more resilient jobs and managing jobs transitions in the context of global challenges, including climate change, gender inequality, and extreme poverty. In his keynote address, Dani Rodrik of the Harvard Kennedy School explained why the ‘traditional’ model of development – with informal agricultural workers moving into formal, organized manufacturing jobs – is no longer creating enough good-quality, productive jobs for low-skilled workers in many lower- and middle-income countries. David Autor of MIT highlighted how technological advancement has changed the nature of work in the United States. Machines can substitute jobs – but at the same time, ‘new work’ arises from machinery that complements labor.
The Policymakers’ Panel on Migration in Latin America and the Caribbean, chaired by Michal Rutkowski, the World Bank’s Global Director for Social Protection and Jobs, discussed how low-quality jobs, insecurity, natural disasters and climate change influence migration in the region, and how the pandemic has exacerbated migratory pressures. The ILO-World Bank Special Session on Measuring Women’s and Men’s Work featured findings from the latest ILO Labor Force Pilot Studies, including evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa on redefining employment, as well as findings from a joint ILO-World Bank study in Sri Lanka.
The conference featured these two keynote speakers:
SEPTEMBER 2, 2021: 3 PM – 4 PM (CEST, UTC +2)
Dani Rodrik, Professor of International Political Economy at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government
“Good Jobs and Development Strategy”
SEPTEMBER 3, 2021: 4 PM – 5 PM
David Autor, Ford Professor of Economics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology
“Shaping the Future of Work: Lessons from the U.S. Experience”
The conference featured a policy panel on the migration from Latin America and the Caribbean
SEPTEMBER 1, 2021: 4 PM – 5:15 PM (CEST, UTC +2)
Migration from Latin America and the Caribbean: Drivers and Policy Responses
Chair: Michał Rutkowski (Global Director, Social Protection and Jobs, The World Bank)
Jaime R. Díaz Palacios, Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
Eric Jacobstein, United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Taimur Samad, The World Bank
Dilip Ratha, Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD)